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What to Expect: Baby Milestones 0-6 Months

The first six months of your little one's life mark a period of remarkable growth and discovery, both for the infant and the parents. From the moments of cuddles and coos to the awe-inspiring milestones of physical and cognitive development, this early phase lays the foundation for a lifelong journey of learning and exploration. Understanding these milestones creates a deeper bond between parents and child and provides the nurturing environment essential for healthy development.

 What are developmental milestones?

What are developmental milestones

Developmental milestones are a set of skills or abilities that most children achieve by a specific age range. These milestones are categorized into different domains of development, including physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and language skills. They serve as guidelines for tracking a child's progress and ensuring they typically develop for their age.

Monitoring developmental milestones is essential because it helps identify potential developmental delays or concerns early on. While you should avoid comparing your little one to others and their development, having a general idea of what to expect and helping your baby learn as they grow is good. If necessary, early intervention can be sought to support and assist the newborn and their family. 

Please note:
Every child is unique, and individual milestones may vary. Parents and caregivers should celebrate their baby's progress and consult their pediatrician if they have any concerns about their development.

Why are baby milestones in age ranges?

Like stages are being used with EU baby formula, baby milestones are also presented in age ranges. This is done because they provide a flexible framework that acknowledges the natural variability in children's development. Here are some reasons why baby milestones are presented in age ranges:

  • Individual Differences: Every baby is unique, with their own pace of development. Presenting milestones in age ranges accommodates the variability when different babies achieve specific skills or abilities.

  • Developmental Progression: Development is a dynamic and ongoing process. Babies may progress through milestones at different rates, and some may skip certain milestones altogether. Age ranges allow for this variation and provide a general guideline for what to expect during different infancy stages.

  • Cultural and Environmental Influences: Cultural practices, family dynamics, and environmental factors can influence a baby's development. Age ranges accommodate these influences and allow for differences in caregiving practices and environmental stimuli.

  • Early Identification of Developmental Concerns: Monitoring developmental milestones helps identify potential developmental delays or concerns early on. By providing age ranges, parents, caregivers, and healthcare professionals can track a baby's progress and intervene if there are any significant deviations from typical development.

  • Parental Expectations and Reassurance: Presenting milestones in age ranges helps manage parental expectations and provides reassurance to caregivers. Understanding that there is a range of normal development can alleviate parental anxiety and foster a supportive environment for the baby.

Best way to track baby milestones

Tracking baby milestones can be an exciting and valuable way for parents and caregivers to monitor a child's development and identify potential concerns early on. Here are some suggestions for the best ways to track baby milestones:

  • Use Developmental Milestone Checklists: There are many developmental milestone checklists available online or provided by pediatricians. These checklists outline typical milestones for different age ranges, such as motor skills, language development, social interaction, and cognitive abilities. Using these checklists can help you keep track of your baby's progress and identify any areas where they may be lagging.

  • Observe and Interact with Your Baby: Spend quality time interacting with your newborn and observing their behaviors and abilities. Notice how they respond to stimuli, interact with toys, and communicate with you through sounds, gestures, and facial expressions. Pay attention to small and significant changes in their behavior and abilities over time.

  • Take Note of Milestone Achievements: Keep a journal or use a baby milestone tracking app to record when your baby achieves various milestones. Documenting these moments can help you see development patterns and track progress over time. Include dates, descriptions, and any notable observations about each milestone.

  • Attend Checkups: Regular visits to the pediatrician for well-baby checkups are essential to monitoring your baby's development. Pediatricians are trained to assess developmental milestones and can provide guidance and support for any concerns. Discuss any questions or observations about your baby's development during these appointments.

  • Trust Your Instincts: As a parent or caregiver, you know your baby best. If you have concerns about your baby's development or notice any red flags, trust your instincts and seek guidance from your pediatrician or a healthcare professional. Early intervention is key to addressing developmental delays or concerns.

  • Celebrate Progress: Celebrate your baby's achievements and progress, no matter how small! Positive reinforcement and encouragement can boost your baby's confidence and motivation to explore and learn new skills.

Did you know?
From about two to three weeks of age, your baby will probably gain about 120-240 grams (four to eight ounces) per week until their birth weight doubles, usually by four to six months.

Baby Milestones 0-3 Months

Baby 3 months old. Organic Formula Shop

During this period, babies undergo rapid changes in physical, sensory, cognitive, and social-emotional domains, shaping their interactions with the world and laying the groundwork for future development. Here are key milestones typically observed during this period:

  • Physical Development:

    • Reflexes: Newborns exhibit reflexes such as rooting (turning towards touch on the cheek), sucking, and grasping.
    • Head Control: Babies gradually gain head control, initially showing limited ability to hold their heads upright and later becoming steadier when supported in a sitting position.
    • Motor Skills: They start to make smoother movements with their arms and legs, though voluntary control is still limited.

  • Sensory and Cognitive Development:

    • Visual Focus: Newborns prefer to focus on objects about 8 to 12 inches away, which is roughly the distance to a caregiver's face during feeding or bonding.
    • Visual Tracking: Babies begin to follow moving objects with their eyes and may briefly fixate on faces or high-contrast patterns.
    • Recognition: They may show signs of recognizing familiar voices or sounds, often turning towards the source of familiar noises.

  • Social and Emotional Development:

    • Bonding: Babies start to develop attachments to caregivers, seeking comfort through cuddling and physical contact.
    • Social Smiles: Babies begin to smile around 6 to 8 weeks in response to social stimuli, such as faces or voices.
    • Cooing and Vocalizations: Babies start to make cooing sounds and engage in early vocalizations as a way to communicate and connect with caregivers.

  • Sleep Patterns:

    • Newborns typically sleep for short periods throughout the day and night, with sleep cycles lasting around 2 to 4 hours.
    • They may start to differentiate between day and night, gradually developing more regular sleep patterns as they grow older.

  • Feeding and Growth:

    • Newborns feed frequently, typically every 2 to 3 hours, and may show hunger cues such as rooting or sucking on fists.
    • They should gain weight steadily and have regular check-ups with a healthcare provider to monitor growth and development.

Baby Milestones 3-6 Months

Baby 6 months old. Organic Formula Shop

Many things change rapidly during the pivotal period of a baby's development, from 3 to 6 months. As babies transition from the newborn stage to little explorers, this phase is characterized by significant milestones illuminating their emerging personalities and capabilities. From three to six months, your baby will master the skills they’ve started and add in some more as they grow.

  • Physical Development:

    • Improved Head Control: By 3 months, babies can usually hold their heads steady when supported in an upright position and may even demonstrate brief periods of unsupported head control.
    • Increased Mobility: Many babies begin to roll over from their backs to their stomachs and vice versa, typically starting around 4 to 5 months.
    • Grasping Objects: Babies become more adept at grasping and holding onto objects, using both hands to explore toys and other items within their reach.

  • Sensory and Cognitive Development:

    • Visual Tracking: Babies refine their ability to track moving objects with their eyes, following toys or people as they move across their field of vision.
    • Depth Perception: Around 4 to 5 months, babies start to develop depth perception, allowing them to judge distances and spatial relationships more accurately.
    • Exploration: They show increased curiosity about their surroundings, reaching out to touch and explore objects within their environment.

  • Social and Emotional Development:

    • Social Interaction: Babies become more responsive to social cues and may engage in "conversations" by cooing, babbling, and smiling in response to interactions with caregivers.
    • Attachment: They develop stronger attachments to familiar caregivers, showing signs of distress when separated and seeking comfort through physical contact.
    • Emotional Expressiveness: Babies begin to express a broader range of emotions, including joy, frustration, and excitement, through facial expressions, vocalizations, and body language.

  • Communication Skills:

    • Babbling: Babies engage in more complex babbling, experimenting with different sounds and intonations as they explore the possibilities of language.
    • Turn-Taking: They start to engage in back-and-forth interactions, taking turns vocalizing with caregivers and responding to social cues during interactions.

  • Feeding and Sleep Patterns:

    • Increased Awareness of Hunger and Fullness: Babies may show more awareness of hunger and fullness cues, signaling when they are hungry or when they have had enough to eat.
    • Consolidated Sleep: Many babies begin to develop more predictable sleep patterns, with longer stretches of sleep at night and shorter, more regular naps during the day.  

Tips for Development

Babies love to play - there's so much you can do to foster your baby's physical growth and development through play and activity:

  • Always supervise your baby to prevent falling.
  • Hold the things you want your baby to see close to her eyes so she can focus clearly.
  • Have lots of supervised tummy time so your baby can kick and move. Offer clean rattles and toys that your baby can feel and mouth.
  • Provide a variety of noisemaking toys and objects and place them within batting range.
  • Play in front of a mirror with your baby.
  • Create safe play spaces on the floor.
  • Take lots of walks with your baby in the fresh air.
  • Provide safe, clean, chewable toys.
  • Everything will go in your baby’s mouth - make sure objects are big enough that they cannot be swallowed.
  • Extend bath time so your baby can kick and squeal while you supervise. Never leave your baby alone in the bath.
  • Baby-proof your home so that everything harmful is out of the way.

What formulas for newborns 0-6 months?

Regarding baby formulas, there are different approaches around the world. In the United States, formulas are typically categorized by age range, while European baby formulas take a stage-based approach. Essentially, by offering different stages, European formula manufacturers aim to mimic the nutritional complexity of breastmilk by catering to babies' needs at different stages. A one-month-old has other needs than a 9-month-old; hence our unique Organic EU formulas are thoughtfully balanced with the right combination of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and vitamins. This ensures your little one is nourished and energized for their current developmental stage! We carry the world's finest brands like HiPPHolleBebe-M, and Lebenswert. Ordering these brands guarantees premium organic ingredients, animal welfare, and environmental sustainability. Made with high-quality organic ingredients and exceeding the strict European standards, our Stage Pre formulas are ideal for newborns, while our Stage 1 formulas are perfect for infants aged 0-6 months.

Check All our Stage Pre & 1 Organic Formula


Q: Can I still track baby milestones and child milestones if the baby was born premature?
A: Yes, absolutely! Tracking baby milestones and child milestones is important regardless of whether the baby was born prematurely or at full term. Premature babies may reach developmental milestones at different rates than full-term babies, but monitoring their progress is still crucial for identifying any developmental delays or concerns early on.

Q: What should I do if my child misses a milestone?
A: If your child misses a milestone or if you have concerns about their development, it's essential to take proactive steps to address the situation. 
Consult with Your Pediatrician: Schedule an appointment with your pediatrician to discuss your concerns. Pediatricians are trained to assess child development and can provide guidance based on their observations and assessments.
Provide Detailed Information: Be prepared to provide your pediatrician with specific information about your child's development, including any missed milestones, unusual behaviors, or concerns you have noticed. The more information you can provide, the better equipped your pediatrician will be to assess the situation.

Q: What are fun ways to celebrate milestones?
A: Celebrating milestones in fun and creative ways can make the achievement even more memorable for both you and your little one. Here are 3 fun ideas to celebrate milestones:

  1. Create a Memory Book or Scrapbook: Document each milestone with photos, drawings, and notes in a special memory book or scrapbook. Include captions and anecdotes to capture the significance of each achievement.

  2. Host a Milestone Party: Throw a small celebration or party with family and friends to mark the milestone. Decorate with balloons, streamers, and banners, and serve themed snacks and treats.

  3. Make a Time Capsule: Create a time capsule filled with mementos and keepsakes related to the milestone. Include photos, drawings, and other items that capture the moment in time.

Any questions?

Contact our dedicated customer support team at Organic Formula Shop for expert advice and guidance tailored to your baby's needs. They have earned hundreds of 5-star reviews from our customers, helping you to provide the best nutrition for your little one. Contact us here or shoot us an email at We're here to help!  

Please note:

This article is no medical advice. Always consult your pediatrician before making any decisions about your child’s diet or if you notice any changes in your child.